FANDOM


Bouteloua dactyloides
Buchloe dactyloides
B. dactyloides
Conservation status
Taxonomy
Kingdom

Plantae

(unranked)

Angiosperms

(unranked)

Monocots

(unranked)

Commelinids

Order

Poales

Family

Poaceae

Tribe

Cynodonteae

Genus

Bouteloua

Species

B. dactyloides

Naming and discovery
Botanist

(Nutt.) Columbus

Bouteloua dactyloides (Buffalo Grass or Buffalograss) is a species of grass in the Poaceae family. It is endemic to the high plains of the United States, where it is co-dominant with Bouteloua gracilis (blue grama) over most of the shortgrass prairie.

It is distributed from Montana east to Minnesota and south to Louisiana, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico. It arrived in Idaho and Virginia incidentally.

DescriptionEdit

Boutelouadactyloides

B. dactyloides seeds

It is a warm-seasoned perennial shortgrass and is resistant to drought, heat, and cold. The foliage is usually 2-5 in (5-13 cm) high, though in the southern Great Plains the foliage may reach 12 in (30 cm). Buffalograss is usually dioecious, but is occasionally monoecious, sometimes with perfect flowers. The flower stalks reach 3.9-7.9 in (10-20 cm) tall. The male inflorescence is a panicle, while the female inflorescence consists of short spikelets borne on bur-like clusters, usually with 2-4 spikelets per bur.

Buffalograss sends out several, branching stolons and occasionally produces rhizomes. There are also several roots, which can thoroughly occupy the soil. The numerous stolons and roots can produce a dense sod. The roots of buffalograss are finer than those of most other plain grasses, being less than 0.04 in (1 mm) in diameter.

TaxonomyEdit

The species was first described by Thomas Nuttall, who had placed the species in the Sesleria genus. It was later moved to the Buchloë genus by George Engelmann. It wasn't until 1999 that buffalograss was moved to the Bouteloua genus by James Travis Columbus.

SynonymsEdit

  • Buchloë dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm.
  • Bulbilis dactyloides (Nutt.) Raf. ex Kuntze
  • Sesleria dactyloides Nutt.

UsesEdit

Buffalograss4

Buffalograss used on a lawn

Buffalograss is used as a grass in lawns in North America and is also grown for forage. Cultivars intended for lawns include 609, Prairie, and Stampede, while Comanche and Texoka are intended for forage.

Settlers once used the dense sod of buffalograss to build sod houses.

External linksEdit

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.